Nettlebed Bottle KilnNettlebed, Oxfordshire
Nettlebed Bottle Kiln is said to be the only estate kiln remaining of its period and of a local design.
It is a kiln used for making bricks.
The Nettlebed Bottle Kiln was built in the late 17th or early 18th century. Nettlebed was known for producing tiles and then bricks from the medieval period until the 20th century.
It fell out of use in 1938.
Nettlebed was the major centre for brick, tile and pottery manufacture in Oxfordshire from medieval times, and possibly even earlier, up until the 20th century. As the same materials are required for both brick and pottery manufacture, namely clay, sand, water and firewood, the history of these products is inevitably closely linked. There is evidence that bricks were used in the region during Roman times although no manufacturing sites have been found. After the Romans left England around 300A.D.The use of bricks declined until the 12th century although there is evidence that medieval potteries operated in Oxfordshire in the 9th century. Nettlebed and nearby Crocker End, situated on the top of the Chilterns escarpment on a rich bed of Reading Clay and with a plentiful supply of firewood and pond water, was a natural site for brick and pottery making.
The bottle kiln is the only one of its type preserved in the country today.
It was built in either the late 17th or early 18th centuries. It was converted to a downdraught design in the early 1900s for lime burning and was in use up until 1938.
Read about the local history – HERE!